- True AI is general AI.
- True AI can perform a variety of tasks with the same or higher performance than an adult human.
- True AI can perform a new task well given little instructions (either in a natural language or programmatically) or training examples.
- True AI must be beneficial for humans
- I consider this an axiom.
Other types of AI
- Most current research focused on narrow AI: software designed to perform a particular task or a few of them.
- Narrow AI has solved many problems and created many others.
- Narrow AI is our chance to learn how to regulate AI before a general AI appears.
- Some researchers aspire to create conscious AI or artificial life.
Properties of true AI
- The word “artifical intelligence” implies a cognitive tool.
- “Artificial” means man-made.
- “Intelligence” is the ability to do useful things.
- There’s nothing in the word that implies consciousness or life-like properties.
- AI must always be a tool.
- Artificial life will compete with humans for resources.
- Conscious AI will update its goals and gradually drift from what is beneficial for humans.
- It is ethically troublesome to control a conscious and highly intelligent entity.
- AI must be widely and evenly distributed.
- Tools confer power to their owners.
- History shows that concentrated power brings misery to the majority.
- More power means more misery and destruction.
- Where humans can generalize, true AI should generalize in the same way.
- Principle of least astonishment